# Combining evaluation, graphing and solving

We can use our understanding of functions and our knowledge of the shapes of curves to evaluate some of the key coordinates on graphs.

## Intercepts

We usually want to label the intercepts of our graphs when we make a sketch. The y-intercept will have a zero as its first (x) coordinate: (0, ), and any x-intercept will have a zero as its second (y) coordinate: ( ,0). To decide on the missing coordinates we can think in the following way:

Intercepts
 The coordinates of the y-intercept are The coordinates of any x-intercept(s) are
Example
Fill in the missing coordinates:

To solve this problem we first fill in what we know without any calculations:

The y-intercept is

and the x-intercept will be

The value x=-1 will make , so the x-intercept is (-1,0):

## Intersections

When two graphs intersect, the point of intersection lies on both graphs, so the coordinates of the point of intersection will satisfy both of the equations which led to thses graphs. We need to solve the equations simultaneously, to find the coordinates of the intersection.

Examples
1. Fill in the missing coordinates:

We solve the equations simultaneously by setting them equal to one another:

Thus the x-coordinates of the two points of intersection are x=2 and x=-1. To get the corresponding y-coordinates we use either equation to find y(-1)=0 and y(2)=3. The graphs intersect at (-1,0) and (2,3):

2. Fill in the missing coordinates:

The sine function completes one full cycle between x=0 and x=2, so the right-hand point has coordinates (2,0). The graph reaches its highest value one quarter of the way through the cycle, at x=. Since , the coordinates of the left-hand point are (,1):

(See also section 14, especially topic 1, common graphs to memorize and topic 2, key function values, for more information on the sine function.)
Practice

Be sure you've gone through each step in the examples above before doing these. Once you've worked them until you're sure that you understand them, go on to the next section. There are more problems of this type in the section test at the end of the section.

Note that you can get new practice problems by clicking the "Refresh" button at the bottom of the practice set.

1. The graph of the line y = -4 x + 3 is shown below. Find the coordinates of the points P and Q:

P = (, )
Q = (, )
2. The graph of the parabola

is shown below. Find the coordinates of the points P, Q and R.

P = (, )
Q = (, )
R = (, )
3. The graphs of the parabola

and line
are shown in the graph below. Find the indicated points P and Q.

P = (, )
Q = (, )